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Opium use during pregnancy and infant size at birth: A cohort study

Maghsoudlou, S. and Cnattingius, S. and Montgomery, S. and Aarabi, M. and Semnani, S. and Wikström, A.-K. and Bahmanyar, S. (2018) Opium use during pregnancy and infant size at birth: A cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 18 (1).

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Abstract

Background: The reported positive association between opiatic drug use during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes might be confounded by other factors related to high-risk behaviors, including the use of other harmful substances. In rural areas of Iran, opium use during pregnancy is relatively common among women who otherwise do not have a hazardous lifestyle, which reduces the risk of residual confounding and increasing the possibility to identify its effects. We aimed to examine the association of antenatal exposure to opium with risks of small for gestational age, short birth length, and small head circumference at birth. Method: In this cohort study in the rural area of the Golestan province, Iran, we randomly selected 920 women who were exposed to opium during pregnancy and 920 unexposed women during 2008-2010. Log-binomial regression was used to estimate risk ratios (RR) and 95 confidence intervals (CI) for the associations between prenatal exposure to opium and risks of small for gestational age, short birth length, and small head circumference at birth. Results: Compared with non-use of opium and tobacco during pregnancy, using opium only and dual use of opium and tobacco were associated with increased risks of small for gestational age at births (RR = 1.71; 95 CI 1.34-2.18 and RR = 1.62; 95 CI 1.13-2.30, respectively). Compared with non-use of opium and tobacco, exposure to only opium or dual use of opium and tobacco were also associated with more than doubled increased risks of short birth length, and small head circumference in term infants. Conclusion: Maternal opium use during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of giving birth to a small for gestational age infant, as well as a term infant with short birth length or small head circumference. © 2018 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: بیماریهای کودکانWS
مامایی WQ
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2018 10:08
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2018 10:08
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9735

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