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Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years for 29 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2016: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study

of Disease Cancer Collaboration, Global Burden and Fitzmaurice, C. and Akinyemiju, T.F. and Al Lami, F.H. and Alam, T. and Alizadeh-Navaei, R. and Allen, C. and Alsharif, U. and Alvis-Guzman, N. and Amini, E. and Anderson, B.O. and Aremu, O. and Artaman, A. and Asgedom, S.W. and Assadi, R. and Atey, T.M. and Avila-Burgos, L. and Awasthi, A. and Ba Saleem, H.O. and Barac, A. and Bennett, J.R. and Bensenor, I.M. and Bhakta, N. and Brenner, H. and Cahuana-Hurtado, L. and Castañeda-Orjuela, C.A. and Catalá-López, F. and Choi, J.-Y.J. and Christopher, D.J. and Chung, S.-C. and Curado, M.P. and Dandona, L. and Dandona, R. and das Neves, J. and Dey, S. and Dharmaratne, S.D. and Doku, D.T. and Driscoll, T.R. and Dubey, M. and Ebrahimi, H. and Edessa, D. and El-Khatib, Z. and Endries, A.Y. and Fischer, F. and Force, L.M. and Foreman, K.J. and Gebrehiwot, S.W. and Gopalani, S.V. and Grosso, G. and Gupta, R. and Gyawali, B. and Hamadeh, R.R. and Hamidi, S. and Harvey, J. and Hassen, H.Y. and Hay, R.J. and Hay, S.I. and Heibati, B. and Hiluf, M.K. and Horita, N. and Hosgood, H.D. and Ilesanmi, O.S. and Innos, K. and Islami, F. and Jakovljevic, M.B. and Johnson, S.C. and Jonas, J.B. and Kasaeian, A. and Kassa, T.D. and Khader, Y.S. and Khan, E.A. and Khan, G. and Khang, Y.-H. and Khosravi, M.H. and Khubchandani, J. and Kopec, J.A. and Kumar, G.A. and Kutz, M. and Lad, D.P. and Lafranconi, A. and Lan, Q. and Legesse, Y. and Leigh, J. and Linn, S. and Lunevicius, R. and Majeed, A. and Malekzadeh, R. and Malta, D.C. and Mantovani, L.G. and McMahon, B.J. and Meier, T. and Melaku, Y.A. and Melku, M. and Memiah, P. and Mendoza, W. and Meretoja, T.J. and Mezgebe, H.B. and Miller, T.R. and Mohammed, S. and Mokdad, A.H. and Moosazadeh, M. and Moraga, P. and Mousavi, S.M. and Nangia, V. and Nguyen, C.T. and Nong, V.M. and Ogbo, F.A. and Olagunju, A.T. and Pa, M. and Park, E.-K. and Patel, T. and Pereira, D.M. and Pishgar, F. and Postma, M.J. and Pourmalek, F. and Qorbani, M. and Rafay, A. and Rawaf, S. and Rawaf, D.L. and Roshandel, G. and Safiri, S. and Salimzadeh, H. and Sanabria, J.R. and Santric Milicevic, M.M. and Sartorius, B. and Satpathy, M. and Sepanlou, S.G. and Shackelford, K.A. and Shaikh, M.A. and Sharif-Alhoseini, M. and She, J. and Shin, M.-J. and Shiue, I. and Shrime, M.G. and Sinke, A.H. and Sisay, M. and Sligar, A. and Sufiyan, M.B. and Sykes, B.L. and Tabarés-Seisdedos, R. and Tessema, G.A. and Topor-Madry, R. and Tran, T.T. and Tran, B.X. and Ukwaja, K.N. and Vlassov, V.V. and Vollset, S.E. and Weiderpass, E. and Williams, H.C. and Yimer, N.B. and Yonemoto, N. and Younis, M.Z. and Murray, C.J.L. and Naghavi, M. (2018) Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years for 29 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2016: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. JAMA oncology, 4 (11). pp. 1553-1568.

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Importance: The increasing burden due to cancer and other noncommunicable diseases poses a threat to human development, which has resulted in global political commitments reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals as well as the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Action Plan on Non-Communicable Diseases. To determine if these commitments have resulted in improved cancer control, quantitative assessments of the cancer burden are required. Objective: To assess the burden for 29 cancer groups over time to provide a framework for policy discussion, resource allocation, and research focus. Evidence Review: Cancer incidence, mortality, years lived with disability, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) were evaluated for 195 countries and territories by age and sex using the Global Burden of Disease study estimation methods. Levels and trends were analyzed over time, as well as by the Sociodemographic Index (SDI). Changes in incident cases were categorized by changes due to epidemiological vs demographic transition. Findings: In 2016, there were 17.2 million cancer cases worldwide and 8.9 million deaths. Cancer cases increased by 28 between 2006 and 2016. The smallest increase was seen in high SDI countries. Globally, population aging contributed 17; population growth, 12; and changes in age-specific rates, -1 to this change. The most common incident cancer globally for men was prostate cancer (1.4 million cases). The leading cause of cancer deaths and DALYs was tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer (1.2 million deaths and 25.4 million DALYs). For women, the most common incident cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths and DALYs was breast cancer (1.7 million incident cases, 535 000 deaths, and 14.9 million DALYs). In 2016, cancer caused 213.2 million DALYs globally for both sexes combined. Between 2006 and 2016, the average annual age-standardized incidence rates for all cancers combined increased in 130 of 195 countries or territories, and the average annual age-standardized death rates decreased within that timeframe in 143 of 195 countries or territories. Conclusions and Relevance: Large disparities exist between countries in cancer incidence, deaths, and associated disability. Scaling up cancer prevention and ensuring universal access to cancer care are required for health equity and to fulfill the global commitments for noncommunicable disease and cancer control.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 19
Subjects: بهداشت عمومی WA
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2018 09:11
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2018 09:11
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9720

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