Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Self-monitoring by traffic light color coding versus usual care on outcomes of patients with heart failure reduced ejection fraction: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Nomali, M. and Mohammadrezaei, R. and Keshtkar, A.A. and Roshandel, G. and Ghiyasvandian, S. and Alipasandi, K. and Zakerimoghadam, M. (2018) Self-monitoring by traffic light color coding versus usual care on outcomes of patients with heart failure reduced ejection fraction: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20 (11).

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Abstract

Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) have symptoms that are more severe and experience a higher rate of hospitalization compared with HF preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients. However, symptom recognition cannot be made by patients based on current approaches. This problem is a barrier to effective self-care that needs to be improved by new self-monitoring instruments and strategies. Objective: This study describes a protocol for the self-monitoring daily diaries of weight and shortness of breath (SOB) based on the traffic light system (TLS). The primary objective is to compare the self-care between the intervention and control group. Comparison of HF knowledge, HF quality of life (HFQOL), and all-cause hospitalization between the 2 groups are the secondary objectives. Methods: A single-blind randomized controlled trial is being conducted at the HF clinic at Tehran Heart Center (Tehran, Iran). Sixty-eight adult patients of both genders will be enrolled during admission to HF clinic. Eligible subjects will be assigned to either the intervention or control group by a block balanced randomization method. Baseline surveys will be conducted before random allocation. Participants in the intervention group will receive an integrated package consisting of (1) HF self-care education by an Australian Heart Foundation booklet on HF, (2) regular home self-monitoring of weight and SOB, and (3) scheduled call follow-ups for 3 months. Patients in the control group will receive no intervention and they only complete monthly surveys. Results: This study is ongoing and is expected to be completed by the end of 2018. Conclusions: This is the first trial with new self-monitoring instruments in Iran as a low and middle-income country. If the findings show a positive effect, the package will be applied in different regions with the same health care status. ©Mahin Nomali, Ramin Mohammadrezaei, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Shahrzad Ghiyasvandian, Kian Alipasandi, Masoumeh Zakerimoghadam.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: سیستم قلب وعروق WG
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2018 08:47
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2018 08:47
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9716

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