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Risk factors of neural tube defects in northern Iran

Golalipour, M.J. and Qorbani, M. and Mirfazeli, A. and Mobasheri, E. (2014) Risk factors of neural tube defects in northern Iran. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 16 (6).

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Abstract

Background: Neural tube defects (NTDs) including spina bifida and anencephaly are the second most common birth defects with 2.8 per 1000 births in northern Iran. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the risk factors of neural tube defects in Gorgan, north of Iran. Patients and Methods: This hospital-based, case-control study was carried out on all NTD-affected pregnancies (n = 59) during February 2007 - August 2010, and 160 healthy pregnancies were selected via convenient sampling method in three hospitals in Gorgan, north of Iran. Risk factors including maternal body mass index (BMI), season of birth, gender of the newborn, mother's age, ethnicity, consanguineous marriage, folic acid consumption, nutrition, habitat, and education, were assessed through interviews with mothers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the risks by odds ratios (ORs) and 95 confidence intervals. Results: The multivariate analysis showed that maternal BMI (normal/underweight OR: 0.23, overweight/underweight OR: 0.15, obese/underweight OR: 0.13) and maternal ethnicity (Fars/Sistani OR: 3.49) and maternal nutrition (good/poor OR: 0.46) were significantly correlated with NTDs in the newborns. Conclusions: This study showed that maternal ethnicity, insufficient nutrition, and BMI, were the main risk factors of NTDs in northern Iran. © 2014, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: article; body mass; controlled study; disease predisposition; ethnicity; female; hospital based case control study; human; interview; Iran; major clinical study; male; maternal nutrition; neural tube defect; newborn; obesity; patient education; pregnancy; questionnaire; risk factor; underweight
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2017 03:31
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2017 03:31
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9359

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