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Nucleic acid isothermal amplification technologies - A review

Gill, P. and Ghaemi, A. (2008) Nucleic acid isothermal amplification technologies - A review. Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids, 27 (3). pp. 224-243.

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Abstract

Nucleic acid amplification technologies are used in the field of molecular biology and recombinant DNA technologies. These techniques are used as leading methods in detecting and analyzing a small quantity of nucleic acids. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the most widely used method for DNA amplification for detection and identification of infectious diseases, genetic disorders and other research purposes. However, it requires a thermocycling machine to separate two DNA strands and then amplify the required fragment. Novel developments in molecular biology of DNA synthesis in vivo demonstrate the possibility of amplifying DNA in isothermal conditions without the need of a thermocycling apparatus. DNA polymerase replicates DNA with the aid of various accessory proteins. Recent identification of these proteins has enabled development of new in vitro isothermal DNA amplification methods, mimicking these in vivo mechanisms. There are several types of isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods such as transcription mediated amplification, nucleic acid sequence-based amplification, signal mediated amplification of RNA technology, strand displacement amplification, rolling circle amplification, loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA, isothermal multiple displacement amplification, helicase-dependent amplification, single primer isothermal amplification, and circular helicase-dependent amplification. In this article, we review these isothermal nucleic acid amplification technologies and their applications in molecular biological studies. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 182
Uncontrolled Keywords: nucleic acid, DNA determination; DNA strand; DNA synthesis; gene amplification; nucleic acid amplification; nucleic acid analysis; polymerase chain reaction; protein determination; review; RNA structure; sequence analysis, DNA; DNA-Binding Proteins; DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase; Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques; Polymerase Chain Reaction
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2017 03:25
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2017 03:25
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9357

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