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The prevalence of gingival enlargement in children and socio-economic and demographic factors, Iran, 2016

Ahmadinia, A.R. and Vakili, M.A. and Ghelichli, M. (2016) The prevalence of gingival enlargement in children and socio-economic and demographic factors, Iran, 2016. IIOAB Journal, 7 (8Speci). pp. 156-160.

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Abstract

There are different types of periodontal diseases with the common aspect of destructing periodontium. Most of patients are children and one of these diseases is gingival enlargement. Demographic factors like gender and age, socio-economic conditions, inflammatory factors, systemic conditions, medications and many other factors are the etiology of gingival enlargement. Due to physical and emotional complications of this problem, it is felt necessary to evaluate the prevalence of gingival enlargement and etiologic factors affecting it. 1113 girls and boys [7 to 13-year-olds] were selected from 10 primary schools of Gorgan-Iran. After filling the consent form by parents, a questionnaire was filled. Children were examined by McGraw index to assess the presence of gingival enlargement, location and severity. Achieved data were analyzed through SPSS16 statistical software and chi-square test and T-test. 716 children were normal. 397 children had gingival enlargement: 143 cases with minor gingival enlargement, 251 cases with moderate gingival enlargement, and 3 cases with severe gingival enlargement. Mother’s education in 264 cases were academic and in 132 cases were non-academic and father’s education in 250 patients were academic and in 141 patients were non-academic. Incidence of gingival enlargement was more in boys, Butother factors were not significantly associated with its incidence. © 2016, Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescent; Article; child; controlled study; cross-sectional study; demography; disease severity; educational status; employment status; female; gingiva hypertrophy; habitat; human; incidence; Iran; major clinical study; male; McGraw index; periodontal disease assessment; prevalence; primary school; randomized controlled trial; sex ratio; socioeconomics
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 05:31
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 05:31
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4920

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