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Frequency of antiseptic resistance among Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from a university hospital in Central Iran

Taheri, N. and Ardebili, A. and Amouzandeh-Nobaveh, A. and Ghaznavi-Rad, E. (2016) Frequency of antiseptic resistance among Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from a university hospital in Central Iran. Oman Medical Journal, 31 (6). pp. 426-432.

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Abstract

Objectives: Reduced biocide susceptibility in Staphylococci is associated with various antiseptic resistance genes encoding efflux systems. Our aim was to determine the susceptibility to three disinfectant agents, including benzalkonium chloride (BABAC), benzethonium chloride (BZT), and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHDG) among clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS). Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 60 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRMRSA), 54 methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) and 51 CoNS isolates from a single hospital to three biocidal agents (BABAC, BZT, and CHDG) was determined. Biocide resistance genes (qacA/B, smr, qacG, qacH, qacJ, and norA) were analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction assay. Results: All isolates had MICs for BABAC and BZT from 0.25 to 8 µg/mL, and for CHDG from 0.5 to 64 µg/mL, qacA/B was the most common biocide resistance gene among all 165 Staphylococcus isolates (76; 46%), which comprised 38 (63.3%) MRMRSA, 14 (25.9%) MSSA, and 24 (47%) CoNS. Eleven (6.7%) and 24 (14.5%) isolates among the 165 Staphylococci carried smr and norA genes, respectively. In contrast, other resistance genes such as qacG, qacH, and qacJ were absent in all Staphylococci studied. The qacA/B and smr genes were detected concomitantly in 3% of isolates, and 23.6% strains of the total 165 Staphylococcus isolates were negative for each studied gene. Conclusions: The carriage of several biocide resistance genes, including qacA/B, smr, and norA, alone or concurrently, is associated with reduced susceptibility. Use of antiseptics may select for antibiotic-resistant strains and assist their survival in the healthcare environment. © 2016, Oman Medical Specialty Board. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2017 09:31
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2017 09:31
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4886

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