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Use of the parallel beam task for skilled walking in a rat model of cerebral ischemia: A qualitative approach

Ficiur, B. and Faraji, J. and Metz, G.A.S. (2016) Use of the parallel beam task for skilled walking in a rat model of cerebral ischemia: A qualitative approach. Learning and Motivation.

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Abstract

The parallel beam task (PBT), in which animals walk across two elevated parallel beams, is commonly used to assess motor deficits in laboratory rodents. Performance of the PBT challenges postural balance, inter-limb coordination and skilled walking abilities, and is typically assessed by quantitative measures such as number of foot slips and/or successful traversals. We proposed that including qualitative movement analysis of skilled walking would increase resolution and sensitivity of PBT assessments in rats with cortical ischemic lesion. Pre-trained rats with a unilateral devascularization of the primary motor cortex and controls were recorded from lateral and ventral views as they traversed a PBT made of two parallel metal beams. The new qualitative skilled walking scoring system analyzed four elements of posture, limb placement, and targeting (limb rotation and position, number of placing attempts and foot slips) based on frame-by-frame video analysis. The analysis revealed that motor cortex lesions produced significant deficits in contralateral limb rotation and limb placement in both fore- and hind limbs, compared to ipsilateral limbs and control animals. Fore- and hind limbs showed different patterns in limb placement impairments. The results indicate that forelimb foot slips are a more sensitive measure of lesion-induced deficits than hind limb foot slips. Thus, the PTB is an effective task for the assessment of skilled walking and motor learning strategies especially when combined with qualitative movement analysis in rodent models of stroke. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0; Article in Press
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2017 09:27
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2017 09:27
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4883

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