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Monte Carlo calculation of neutron doses to organs of a female undergoing a pelvic 18 MV irradiation

Zabihzadeh, M. and Mahdavi, S.R. and Ay, M.R. and Shakarami, Z. (2015) Monte Carlo calculation of neutron doses to organs of a female undergoing a pelvic 18 MV irradiation. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal, 8. pp. 65-71.

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Abstract

Applying of high-energy photon beams beside all advantages obstacled by photoneutrons that may cause extra dose to the patient that has not been considered in routine radiotherapy. The purpose of this study is calculation of neutron and gamma doses to a female undergoing a pelvic 18 MV irradiation. A simplified Linac head model as a sphere with 10 cm radius of tungsten and with the total spectrum of an isotropic neutron distribution was located inside a typical bunker. The female anthropomorphic phantom was irradiated with equal weighted four-field pelvic box (18MV). MCNPX (2.4.0) code was used to calculate of absorbed doses. The greatest effective dose, 1.04 mSv Gy-1, was calculated for the AP field while the lowest effective dose, 0.36 mSv Gy-1, was obtained for the RL field. The Percent risk of fatal second malignancy of neutron contamination following a 70 Gy x-ray treatment dose (with equal weights for each field, 17.5 Gy) is 0.152 , including 0.056 for the AP field, 0.033 for the PA field, 0.031 for the RL field and 0.032 for the LL field. If this dose delivered only with the AP field, the risk would be 0.224 , which is 32 higher than that is in case of 4-field irradiation. Our present analysis shows that this simplified model can be used to estimating of photoneutron doses.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 09:12
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2016 09:12
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4822

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