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Efficacy and safety of intramuscular midazolam versus rectal diazepam in controlling status epilepticus in children

Momen, A.A. and Azizi Malamiri, R. and Nikkhah, A. and Jafari, M. and Fayezi, A. and Riahi, K. and Maraghi, E. (2015) Efficacy and safety of intramuscular midazolam versus rectal diazepam in controlling status epilepticus in children. European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 19 (2). pp. 149-154.

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Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intramuscular midazolam in controlling convulsive status epilepticus in children, by comparing it with rectal diazepam. Methods In this randomized trial, 100 children (50 in each group) with convulsive status epilepticus aged 1 month to 16 years were enrolled and randomly assigned into two groups to receive either 0.3 mg/kg intramuscular midazolam or 0.5 mg/kg rectal diazepam. Main outcome measure was stopping of all motor activity after drug administration. Another measures were times between patient's arrival to emergency department till drug administration, between drug administration to seizure cessation, and between patient's arrival to seizure cessation. Results Both medication were effective for seizure control and no significant difference was found between successful treatments after administering the medication (P = 0.061). In the midazolam group, in 96 (48/50) of cases treatment was successful and in the diazepam group, in 94 (47/50) of cases treatment was successful. Time from arrival to administering the medication was significantly shorter in midazolam group (P = 0.017). The majority of seizures in midazolam group were stopped in less than 66 s (median) compared to 130 s (median) for diazepam group, (P < 0.001). No serious adverse effects were seen in both groups. Conclusion IM midazolam is not superior but may be at least as effective as rectal diazepam for controlling of status epilepticus in children. Midazolam via IM route could be one of the choices in children with convulsive status seizures who have difficult IV access. © 2014 European Paediatric Neurology Society.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: diazepam; midazolam, adolescent; Article; child; comparative effectiveness; controlled study; drug efficacy; drug safety; epileptic state; female; human; infant; major clinical study; male; motor activity; outcome assessment; priority journal; randomized controlled trial; respiration depression; time to treatment; treatment response
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 07:23
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2016 07:23
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4776

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