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Rapid removal of phenol from aqueous solutions by AC_Fe3O4 nano-composite: Kinetics and equilibrium studies

Jonoush, Z.A. and Farzadkia, M. and Shahamat, Y.D. and Esrafili dizaji, A. (2015) Rapid removal of phenol from aqueous solutions by AC_Fe3O4 nano-composite: Kinetics and equilibrium studies. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 24 (122). pp. 158-168.

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Abstract

Background and purpose: Phenol and its derivatives are used as raw material in many chemical, pharmaceutical and petrochemical industries. It is classified as priority pollutant, due to its high toxicity. In this study, the magnetic activated carbon nano-composite was used for quick removal of phenol. Materials and methods: The activated carbon was modified by magnetic nano-particles. Then physical properties of the adsorbent were investigated using BET, XRD and SEM. Afterwards, adsorption behavior of phenol onto the adsorbent was studied considering various parameters such as: pH, phenol concentration, contact time and adsorbent dosage. Also, the isotherms and adsorption kinetics model was studied. Results: BET analysis showed 10.25% decrease in the specific area of activated carbon after being amended by the Fe3O4 nano-particles. SEM and XRD confirmed the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the activated carbon. Optimum absorption points in this process were pH=8, contact time of 15 min and adsorbent dose 2 g/L. The Longmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetics were fitted to the data. The maximum adsorption capacity of phenol on AC_Fe3O4 was 84.033 mg/g. Conclusion: Creating magnetic properties on the activated carbon which has a high adsorption capacity of phenol could result in quick separation of phenol from aqueous solutions. Also, this adsorbent could be widely applied since it is inexpensive and simple to use. © 2015, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: activated carbon; adsorbent; ferric oxide; iron nanoparticle; magnetic nanoparticle; phenol, adsorption kinetics; Article; composite material; isotherm; scanning electron microscopy; waste component removal; X ray diffraction
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 06:58
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2017 05:45
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4757

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