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Anti-mycobacterial and anti-inflammatory activity of Peganum harmala

Davoodi, H. and Ghaemi, E. and Mazandarani, M. and Shakeri, F. and Javid, S.N. and Klishadi, M. (2015) Anti-mycobacterial and anti-inflammatory activity of Peganum harmala. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 7 (4). pp. 1611-1616.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimycobacterial and anti-inflammatory activity of the methanolic extracts of Peganum harmala (Esphand) collected from Golestan province, north of Iran. Methods: Hydroalcoholic extract of seeds of Peganum harmala were obtained and screened for anti-mycobacterial activity by disc diffusion (DD) method. The anti-inflammatory activity of the extract was evaluated by cytokines measurement using ELISA in a model of phagocytized intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis, H37Rv strain, in dU937cells. Free radical-scavenging activity, total phenolic, flavonoids and Harmalin concentrations were assessed to investigate phytochemical properties of the extract. Our data showed the inhibitory effect of the extract on growth of all strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis even on drug resistant strains. Cytokines production in culture media showed the anti-inflammatory activity of the extract. The antioxidant (IC50 (DPPH assay) was 53.6 ± 0.50 mg/L. The amount of total phenolic and flavonoids components was 61.5 ± 0.80 gGAE/kg and 42.20 ± 0.60 respectively. These findings revealed the potential ability of the Peganum harmala's seed as a complementary medicine to treat tuberculosis. © 2015, Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flavonoids; Free radicals, Anti-inflammatories; Cytokines; Herbal plants; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Peganum harmala, Strain, flavonoid; harmaline; interleukin 10; interleukin 6; isoniazid; methanol; Peganum harmala extract; phenol derivative; rifampicin; tumor necrosis factor alpha, antibacterial activity; antiinflammatory activity; antioxidant activity; Article; cell viability; controlled study; cytokine production; disk diffusion; DPPH radical scavenging assay; enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; high performance liquid chromatography; human; human cell; IC50; inhibition zone; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; nonhuman; Peganum harmala; phytochemistry; plant seed; tuberculosis; U937 cell line
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 06:28
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2016 06:28
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4744

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