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The comparison of under-5-year nutritional status among Fars-native, Turkman and Sistani ethnic groups in the north of Iran

Veghari, G. and Marjani, A. and Kazemi, S. and Bemani, M. and Shabdin, M. and Hashimifard, A. (2015) The comparison of under-5-year nutritional status among Fars-native, Turkman and Sistani ethnic groups in the north of Iran. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2015 (AUGUST).

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Abstract

Background: Under nutrition is a health problem in developing countries and the main aim of this study was determine of the nutritional status and some sociodemographic factors among rural under-5-year children in the North of Iran in 2013. Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study, which carried out on 2530 children (637 = Fars-native, 1002 = Turkman and 891 = Sistani) from 21 villages in the North of Iran. Villages were chosen by random sampling among 118, and all of under-five children were chosen by simple sampling. For all of cases, a questionnaire with contain questions on the socialdemographic condition was completed and anthropometric indexes were measured by a learned team. Anthropometric data were compared with those in Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference population. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical data analysis and P value under 0.05 included significations. Results: Generally, under nutrition (Z-score ≤ −2) was observed in 6.6%, 18.5% and 3.3% based on underweight, stunting and wasting, respectively and there were in boys more than girls and in Sistani more than other ethnic groups. Based on underweight and stunting, under nutrition was seen in Sistani more than other ethnic groups. Among three ethnic groups, stunting was significant both in boys (P = 0.013) and in girls (P = 0.004), but wasting was significant only in girls (P = 0.001). The estimated odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval of under nutrition was obtained from logistic regression. Compared with good economic group, the OR was 1.831 in poor economic groups (P = 0.001). The risk of under nutrition in Sistanish ethnic group was 1.754 times more than Fars-native group (P = 0.001). Conclusions: Under nutrition is a health problem among under-5-year children in rural area in the North of Iran and stunting was seen in an alarming rate among them. Among ethnic groups, Sistanish children more than others were under nourished. Poor economic status is a risk factor for under nutrition in this area. © 2015 Veghari G.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: age distribution; anthropometry; Article; body height; body mass; body weight; child; comparative study; cross-sectional study; descriptive research; educational status; ethnic difference; ethnic group; Fars-native; female; human; Iran; major clinical study; male; malnutrition; nutritional status; preschool child; prevalence; questionnaire; risk assessment; risk factor; rural area; sex difference; Sistani; social status; stunting; Turkman; underweight; wasting syndrome
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 06:10
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2017 17:23
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4736

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