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The comparison of under-five-children’s nutrition status among ethnic groups in North of Iran, 1998 - 2013; Results of a three stages cross-sectional study

Veghari, G. (2015) The comparison of under-five-children’s nutrition status among ethnic groups in North of Iran, 1998 - 2013; Results of a three stages cross-sectional study. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, 25 (4).

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Abstract

Background: Despite improvements in child health, malnutrition still remains one of the main public health challenges in Iran. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare under nutrition among under-five children with regard to ethnicity in rural area in north Iran. Patients and Methods: In three cross-sectional studies 7575 subjects in three time-periods including 2339 children in 1998, 2749 in 2004, and 2487 in 2013, were evaluated. All under-five-children in 20 out of 118 villages were chosen by random sampling and assessed. Under nutrition was defined as underweight, stunting and wasting lower than -2 SD (Z < -2 SD). Results: Generally, stunting was declined 17.1% and underweight and wasting were increased 0.9% and 1%, respectively during 15 years (1998 - 2013). Underweight increased 0.5% in Fars-natives and 3.2% in Turkmans and it was decreased 0.9% in Sistanis. Statistical difference in Turkman children among the three stages of the study was significant (P = 0.001). Stunting has decreased 28.7% in Fars-natives and 35.1% in Sistanis, it was increased 9.3% in Turkman group. Statistical differences among three stages in inter-ethnic groups were significant (P = 0.001 for all). Compared the group with good economic status, the odds ratio was 1.831 in poor economic group (P = 0.001). The risk of under nutrition in Sistanis was 1.754 times more than in Fars-natives (P = 0.001). Conclusions: Under nutrition remains one of the main health problems in under-five-year children in north Iran being more common in Sistani children. Stunting in Sistani children deeply decreased while in Turkman children slightly increased during the 15-year period study. Poor economic status is a risk factor for under nutrition in this area. © 2015, Growth & Development Research Center.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Article; child; comparative study; controlled study; cross-sectional study; ethnic group; ethnicity; Fars native; female; human; Iran; major clinical study; male; malnutrition; nutritional status; preschool child; rural population; sampling; Sistani; social status; stunting; Turkman; underweight; wasting syndrome
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 06:05
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2017 17:53
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4733

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