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A survey on the possibility of utilizing γH2AX as a biodosimeter in radiation workers

Mir, M. and Yazdani, Y. and Asadi, J. and Khoshnazar, A.K. (2015) A survey on the possibility of utilizing γH2AX as a biodosimeter in radiation workers. Iranian Journal of Medical Physics, 12 (1). pp. 14-21.

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Abstract

Introduction DNA damage is among the main consequences of radiation. Of many different classes of DNA damage, double-strand breaks are the most deleterious. Development of a sensitive biodosimetry method, which utilizes a detection material with a similar construction to the body, seems essential for monitoring radiation workers. In this study, histone H2AX protein was examined as a potential biodosimeter in radiation workers. Moreover, the presence of this protein after in vitro irradiation of blood samples was assessed simultaneously. Materials and Methods Blood samples from 46 radiation workers were analyzed in Golestan province, Iran. Meanwhile, two groups of blood samples (five blood samples in each group) were irradiated in vitro by doses of 1 to 0.2 Gy and 0.09 to 0.01 Gy from a 60Co source, respectively. γH2AX level in lymphocytes was measured, using Western blot technique. ANOVA and Tukey's tests were performed, using SPSS version 16. The significance level was considered to be 0.05. Results The results of Western blotting for the identification of γH2AX protein in radiation workers were negative. However, γH2AX level in lymphocytes of two in vitro irradiated groups showed a significant correlation with the radiation dose (P<0.0001). Conclusion The results showed that γH2AX was a good indicator for acute or local exposure to ionizing radiation, while in chronically exposed individuals, including radiation workers, this protein was useless at least in autoradiography detection method. Regarding the presence of γH2AX protein in blood samples, which were irradiated in vitro at low doses, it can be concluded that this protein has powerful repair mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood; Ionizing radiation; Lymphocytes; Proteins; Radiography, Biodosimetry; Detection methods; Double strand breaks; Golestan provinces; Radiation workers; Significance levels; Western Blot techniques; Western blotting, Radiation
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 05:57
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2017 10:06
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4726

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