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The effect of radiotherapy and chemotherapy on osmotic fragility of red blood cells and plasma levels of malondialdehyde in patients with breast cancer

Khoshbin, A.R. and Mohamadabadi, F. and Vafaeian, F. and Babania, A. and Akbarian, S. and Khandozi, R. and Sadrebazaz, M.A. and Hatami, E. and Joshaghani, H.R. (2015) The effect of radiotherapy and chemotherapy on osmotic fragility of red blood cells and plasma levels of malondialdehyde in patients with breast cancer. Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy, 20 (4). pp. 305-308.

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Abstract

Background: Gamma radiation effects on the erythrocyte membrane from three different functional parts, lipid bilayer, cytoskeleton and protein components. When the red cell membrane is exposed to radiation, it loses its integrity and hemoglobin leaks out. In addition, irradiation leads to lipid peroxidation and the products of this process, leading to hemolysis. The aim of the present study was to measure osmotic fragility (OF) of red blood cells and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as a marker of oxidative injury in breast cancer patients treated with radiation and chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: The OF test was performed using different concentrations of a salt solution. The measurement of MDA was done with chemical methods.11 The sampling was taken during three stages of treatment: first sample was taken before starting chemotherapy, the second sample was taken before radiation therapy and the third sample was taken after radiotherapy. Results: No statistically significant differences between levels of MDA in these three stages of treatment were observed. However, the comparison of mean levels of MDA showed an increase after radiotherapy. The OF rate did not show significant difference (P > 0.05) during the stages of treatment. Conclusion: In a standard treatment program of radiotherapy and chemotherapy lipid peroxidation level and OF do not significantly increase. © 2014 Greater Poland Cancer Centre.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: cyclophosphamide; docetaxel; doxorubicin; malonaldehyde, adult; analytical research; Article; blood level; blood sampling; breast cancer; cancer chemotherapy; cancer patient; cancer radiotherapy; cancer surgery; clinical article; descriptive research; erythrocyte fragility; human; middle aged; plasma malondialdehyde; radiation dose; venous blood
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 05:38
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 04:45
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4715

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