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The prognostic effect of PTEN expression status in colorectal cancer development and evaluation of factors affecting it: MiR-21 and promoter methylation

Yazdani, Y. and Farazmandfar, T. and Azadeh, H. and Zekavatian, Z. (2016) The prognostic effect of PTEN expression status in colorectal cancer development and evaluation of factors affecting it: MiR-21 and promoter methylation. Journal of Biomedical Science, 23 (1).

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Abstract

Background: PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene which is involved in cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Loss or down-regulation of PTEN plays an important role in human cancers development. In this study, we investigated the effect of miR-21 and promoter methylation on the PTEN expression status in CRC tissues and analyzed association of the PTEN expression status with clinicopathological features in patients with CRC. Results: The PTEN expression was positively detected in 67.2 CRC tissues and all adjacent non-cancerous samples. PTEN mRNA level was negatively correlated with miR-21 level (r = -0.595, P < 0.001). PTEN expression was also correlated directly with the PTEN mRNA level (r = 0.583, P < 0.001) and conversely with miR-21 level (r = -0.632, P < 0.001). PTEN Promoter methylation was significantly associated with PTEN expression status (p = 0.013). PTEN expression was negatively associated with tumor size (p = 0.007) and advanced tumor stage (P = 0.011). Multivariate analysis indicated that tumor stage, tumor differentiation and PTEN expression status were independent prognostic factors for overall carcinoma in CRC patients (P < 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier curve indicated a negative correlation between PTEN expression levels and survival of CRC patients (P = 0.013). Conclusions: This study suggests a high frequency of miR-21 overexpression and aberrant promoter methylation in down-regulation of PTEN expression in colorectal carcinoma. Loss of PTEN may be a prognostic factor for patients with CRC. © 2016 Yazdani et al.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: microRNA 21; phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 trisphosphate 3 phosphatase, adult; advanced cancer; Article; cancer prognosis; cancer staging; cancer survival; cancer tissue; colorectal carcinoma; controlled study; disease association; DNA methylation; female; human; human tissue; male; middle aged; overall survival; priority journal; promoter region; protein expression; protein localization; tumor differentiation; tumor volume
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2016 05:13
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2016 11:15
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4600

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