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The effects of an individual, multistep intervention on adherence to treatment in hemodialysis patients

Rafiee Vardanjani, L. and Parvin, N. and Mahmoodi Shan, G. (2016) The effects of an individual, multistep intervention on adherence to treatment in hemodialysis patients. Disability and Rehabilitation, 38 (8). pp. 768-772.

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Abstract

Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of individual, multistep intervention on adherence to treatment in hemodialysis patients referred to a hemodialysis center in Shahrekord, Iran. Method: In this interventional study, hemodialysis patients referring the center of the study were randomly assigned into two control and intervention groups (each 33). The control group received routine treatment, recommended dietary and fluid restrictions. The intervention group participated in eight individual interventional sessions accompanied routine treatment. At the beginning and the end of the study, routine laboratory tests and end-stage renal disease-adherence questionnaire were filled out for patients in both groups. The data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests. Results: At the end of the study, the two groups showed a significant difference in all domains of adherence except adherence to diet and adherence was better in the intervention group (p < 0.05). In demographic characteristic, only age indicated a positive correlation with adherence to dialysis program (p = 0.04, r = 0.254). After intervention, serum phosphorus decreased significantly in the intervention group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Adherence to treatment is one of the major problems in hemodialysis patients; however, comprehensive interventions are required in view of individual condition. ▸ Implications for Rehabilitation • Adherence to treatment means that all patients behaviors (diet, fluids and drugs intake) should be in line with the recommendations given by healthcare professionals. • There is evidence on the association between adherence to treatment and decreased risk of hospitalization in dialysis patients. • Individual structured programs are most likely to be successful in encouraging adherence to treatment. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 10:16
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 08:32
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4561

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