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Heterogeneous catalytic ozonation by Nano-MgO is better than sole ozonation for metronidazole degradation, toxicity reduction, and biodegradability improvement

Kermani, M. and Bahrami Asl, F. and Farzadkia, M. and Esrafili, A. and Salahshour Arian, S. and Khazaei, M. and Dadban Shahamat, Y. and Zeynalzadeh, D. (2016) Heterogeneous catalytic ozonation by Nano-MgO is better than sole ozonation for metronidazole degradation, toxicity reduction, and biodegradability improvement. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57 (35). pp. 16435-16444.

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Abstract

Abstract: In the current paper, the removal efficiency of metronidazole (MNZ) using a catalytic ozonation process (COP) in the presence of magnesium oxide nanocrystals, as a catalyst, was investigated in deionized water and compared with a sole ozonation process (SOP). The influence of several operational factors on both removal processes was evaluated: solution pH, MgO dosage, initial MNZ concentration, and reaction time. Biodegradability improvement, mineralization rate, oxidation intermediates, and toxicity were also studied for the COP. The results showed that MgO nanocrystals accelerated MNZ removal compared to the SOP. The optimum pH for both SOP and COP was obtained at 10 and optimum MgO dosage for the COP was determined 0.25 g/L. Under optimum conditions, after 20 min and 35 min, the complete removal of 40 mg/L MNZ solution occurred in COP and SOP, respectively. The COP significantly increased the biological oxygen demand/chemical oxygen demand ratio (from 0.09 to 0.43), caused 93.5% MNZ mineralization, and reduced the toxicity of the MNZ. © 2015 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 09:28
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2016 09:28
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4531

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