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Investigation of Cryptosporidium oocysts in elementary school children in Gorgan, North of Iran

Sharbatkhori, M. and Rostami, M. and Tohidi, F. and Taherkhani, H. (2011) Investigation of Cryptosporidium oocysts in elementary school children in Gorgan, North of Iran. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 16 (1, SI). p. 257.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Cryptosporidium is one of the most common causes of diarrhea all over the world and can causes fatal disease in children and immune compromised people. The present study was undertaken to know the infection status of cryptosporidiosis among children of elementary school in Gorgan city, located in the north of Iran. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Stool specimens were collected from children, 7–12 years in age during a period of 6 months between October 2010 and March 2011. Fecal smears were prepared by formalin-ether sedimentation, and examined after modified Ziehl Neelsen staining. The smears were observed by light microscope (1000X) for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts. RESULTS: Cryptosporidium oocysts were observed in the specimens of 56 (6.9%) of 801 children. The prevalence rate of infection indicated a significant correlation (P-value < 0.5) between diarrheic (61%) and non diarrheic (39%) children. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that Cryptosporidium sp. infection is prevalent in schoolchildren in Gorgan. Since there are no effective drug therapies for cryptosporidiosis, prophylaxis is most important. So, the source of infection should be investigated and proper control strategies established. But, before that, an epidemiological survey is needed for the exact understanding of infection status of C. parvum all over the Iran.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2015 09:34
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2017 06:18
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3933

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