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Patterns of food and nutrient consumption in northern Iran, a high-risk area for esophageal cancer

Islami, F. and Malekshah, A.F. and Kimiagar, M. and Pourshams, A. and Wakefield, J. and Goglani, G. and Rakhshani, N. and Nasrollahzadeh, D. and Salahi, R. and Semnani, S. and Saadatian-Elahi, M. and Abnet, C.C. and Kamangar, F. and Dawsey, S.M. and Brennan, P. and Boffetta, P. and Malekzadeh, R. (2009) Patterns of food and nutrient consumption in northern Iran, a high-risk area for esophageal cancer. Nutrition and Cancer, 61 (4). pp. 475-483. ISSN 01635581

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Our objectives were to investigate patterns of food and nutrient consumption in Golestan province, a high-incidence area for esophageal cancer (EC) in northern Iran. Twelve 24-h dietary recalls were administered during a 1-yr period to 131 healthy participants in a pilot cohort study. We compare here nutrient intake in Golestan with recommended daily allowances (RDAs) and lowest threshold intakes (LTIs). We also compare the intake of 27 food groups and nutrients among several population subgroups using mean values from the 12 recalls. Rural women had a very low level of vitamin intake, which was even lower than LTIs (P 0.01). Daily intake of vitamins A and C was lower than LTI in 67 and 73 of rural women, respectively. Among rural men, the vitamin intakes were not significantly different from LTIs. Among urban women, the vitamin intakes were significantly lower than RDAs but were significantly higher than LTIs. Among urban men, the intakes were not significantly different from RDAs. Compared to urban dwellers, intake of most food groups and nutrients, including vitamins, was significantly lower among rural dwellers. In terms of vitamin intake, no significant difference was observed between Turkmen and non-Turkmen ethnics. The severe deficiency in vitamin intake among women and rural dwellers and marked differences in nutrient intake between rural and urban dwellers may contribute to the observed epidemiological pattern of EC in Golestan, with high incidence rates among women and people with low socioeconomic status and the highest incidence rate among rural women.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 20
Uncontrolled Keywords: alpha tocopherol; ascorbic acid; beta carotene; carbohydrate; cholesterol; fat; monounsaturated fatty acid; polyunsaturated fatty acid; protein; retinol; saturated fatty acid; sugar, adult; article; beverage; body height; body mass; body weight; bread; caloric intake; cancer incidence; cancer risk; carbohydrate intake; cereal; condiment; controlled study; dairy product; educational status; egg; esophagus cancer; ethnicity; fat intake; female; fish; food intake; fruit; high risk population; human; Iran; legume; major clinical study; male; meat; potato; protein intake; rural population; social status; sugar intake; tea; urban population; USSR; vegetable; vitamin deficiency; vitamin intake, Adult; Body Mass Index; Cohort Studies; Confidence Intervals; Diet; Diet Surveys; Esophageal Neoplasms; Female; Food; Humans; Iran; Linear Models; Male; Middle Aged; Nutrition Policy; Nutritional Status; Pilot Projects; Questionnaires; Rural Population; Sex Characteristics; Social Class; Urban Population; Vitamins
Subjects: کهورت
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2015 10:14
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2018 09:58
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2603

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