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A case-control study of the relationship between gastric cancer and meat consumption in Iran

Zamani, N. and Hajifaraji, M. and Malekshah, A.F.-T. and Keshtkar, A.A. and Esmaillzadeh, A. and Malekzadeh, R. (2013) A case-control study of the relationship between gastric cancer and meat consumption in Iran. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 16 (6). pp. 324-329.

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Abstract

Background: Despite the descending trends of gastric cancer in many parts of the world, its mortality rate has still remained high globally. Meat, red and processed meat in particular, may induce gastric carcinogenesis through potential mechanisms. However, the role of this dietary aspect in the risk of gastric cancer has not well been investigated so far. Therefore, we designed a study to assess the relation between meat consumption and the risk of gastric cancer in Golestan Province, a high- risk area for gastric malignancies in Iran. Methods: Subjects of this population-based case-control study included 190 histologically confirmed case so fgastric cancer and 647 controls. Meat consumption was evaluated using a 116-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. A lifestyle questionnaire also collected data concerning demographic features, anthropometric measures, and other known risk factors of gastric cancer. We estimated crude and adjust edoddsratios(ORs) and 95 confidence intervals (CIs) for the relation between meat intake and gastric cancer. Results: After being adjusted for potential confounders, red meat intake was positively associated with gastric cancer which reached statistical significance (OR=1.87, 95 CI: 1.01-3.47, Ptrend = 0.07). On the other hand, individuals in the highest quartile of white meat consumption had astatistically significant reduced risk of gastric cancer compared to those in the lowest quartile (OR = 0.36, 95 CI: 0.19-0.68, Ptrend = 0.005). Conclusions: We observed a positive association between red meat consumption and the risk of gastric cancer, and a reverse relationship regarding white meat intake and the risk of this malignancy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: aged; article; body mass; caloric intake; cancer risk; controlled study; female; food frequency questionnaire; food intake; human; Iran; major clinical study; male; population based case control study; red meat; risk factor; stomach cancer; vegetable; white meat, Aged; Animals; Case-Control Studies; Cattle; Chickens; Diet; Female; Fishes; Humans; Incidence; Iran; Life Style; Male; Meat; Meat Products; Middle Aged; Questionnaires; Risk Factors; Sheep; Stomach Neoplasms
Subjects: کهورت
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2015 03:55
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2015 06:52
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2579

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