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InterSCOPE study: Associations between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and human papillomavirus serological markers

Sitas, F. and Egger, S. and Urban, M.I. and Taylor, P.R. and Abnet, C.C. and Boffetta, P. and O'Connell, D.L. and Whiteman, D.C. and Brennan, P. and Malekzadeh, R. and Pawlita, M. and Dawsey, S.M. and Waterboer, T. and Webb, P.M. and Green, A.C. and Hayward, N.K. and Zaridze, D. and Holcatova, I. and Mates, D. and Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N. and Ferro, G. and Janout, V. and Curado, M.P. and Menezes, A.M. and Koifman, S. and Islami, F. and Nasrollahzadeh, D. and Hu, N. and Goldstein, A.M. and Gao, Y. and Ding, T. and Kamangar, F. (2012) InterSCOPE study: Associations between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and human papillomavirus serological markers. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 104 (2). pp. 147-158.

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Abstract

Background The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the causation of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is unclear. We examined the associations between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and 28 centrally measured HPV serological markers in serum from six existing case-control studies conducted in regions with differing Background risks of esophageal cancer. Methods We used centralized multiplex serology to test serum samples from 1561 case subjects and 2502 control subjects from six case-control studies for antibodies to the major HPV capsid protein (L1) and/or the early proteins E6 and/or E7 of eight high-risk, two low-risk, and four cutaneous HPV types. Study-specific odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95 confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using conditional logistic regression with adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption, and other potential confounders. Pooled odds ratios and 95 confidence intervals were calculated using either a linear mixed-effects approach or a joint fixed-effects approach. All statistical tests were two-sided. ResultsWe found statistically significant associations between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and antibodies to E6 for HPV16 (OR = 1.89, 95 CI = 1.09 to 3.29, P =. 023) and HPV6 (OR = 2.53, 95 CI = 1.51 to 4.25, P <. 001) but not for other tested HPV types. There were no statistically significant associations between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and antibodies to E7 for any of the tested HPV types. Simultaneous seropositivity for HPV16 E6 and E7 was rare (four case subjects, two control subjects; OR = 5.57, 95 CI = 0.90 to 34.35; P =. 064). We also found statistically significant associations between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and capsid antibodies for the high-risk mucosal type HPV33 L1 (OR = 1.30, 95 CI = 1.00 to 1.69; P =. 047) and the low-risk mucosal types HPV6 (OR = 1.22, 95 CI = 1.05 to 1.42; P =. 010) and HPV11 (OR = 1.30, 95 CI = 1.09 to 1.56, P =. 0036). Conclusions We found limited serological evidence of an association between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and HPV in the populations studied. Although HPV does not appear to be an important risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, we cannot exclude the possibility that certain HPV types may be involved in a small subset of cancers. © 2012 The Author.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 23
Uncontrolled Keywords: capsid protein L1; protein antibody; protein E6; protein E7, alcohol consumption; article; cancer risk; case control study; disease association; esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; human; Human papillomavirus type 16; Human papillomavirus type 18; Human papillomavirus type 31; Human papillomavirus type 33; Human papillomavirus type 35; Human papillomavirus type 4; Human papillomavirus type 45; Human papillomavirus type 52; Human papillomavirus type 58; Human papillomavirus type 6; nonhuman; priority journal; serology; smoking; Wart virus, Adult; Aged; Alphapapillomavirus; Antibodies, Viral; Antigens, Viral; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell; Case-Control Studies; Confidence Intervals; Confounding Factors (Epidemiology); Esophageal Neoplasms; Female; Human papillomavirus 16; Human papillomavirus 18; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Odds Ratio; Papillomavirus Infections; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Sensitivity and Specificity; Tumor Virus Infections
Subjects: کهورت
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 05:13
Last Modified: 19 May 2015 03:58
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2557

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