Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Opium as a fatal substance

Besharat, S. and Jabbari, A. and Besharat, M. (2008) Opium as a fatal substance. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 75 (11). pp. 1125-1128. ISSN 00195456 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Objective: Poisoning does the most serious damages in pediatrics. In the northeast of Iran (Golestan province), opium is used widely for symptomatic therapy of routine illnesses in young children by parents. In the present study, opium toxicity was assessed in young children referred to pediatric centers in our area. Methods: This survey was done as a prospective cross-sectional study. At first, a pilot study was undertaken to estimate the condition of opium intoxicated children and evaluate the validity of questionnaire. We collected data in collaboration with committee of Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) in Golestan Province. All members of ADR committee in pediatric centers were trained to complete questionnaires in referred or admitted children under-5-year. Data was entered into computer and analyzed by Chi-square and Fisher exact test. Results: In this survey, 67 opium-intoxicated children were recruited. Minimum age of the cases was 6 days and maximum 5-year. Uneducated mothers, in most cases, gave opium to the child. Most of them were from the low socio-economic level. Ethnic was disparity was observed. Four deaths occurred. Conclusion: As the results showed, opioids are dangerous in pediatric population, especially under 5-year. Respiratory depression, bradypnea, coma and death are the serious outcomes of opium toxicity in pediatrics. Such a practice of unrestricted use of opium contributes to children mortality and so it is essential to launch educational programs. © 2008 Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Indian J. Pediatr. [Field not mapped to EPrints] C2 - 18810361 [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - 21st Edalat, Vali-e-asr Ave, Gorgan City, Golestan Province 49177-44563, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children, Opium, Poisoning, opiate, article, bradypnea, child, coma, death, female, health survey, human, infant, intoxication, Iran, major clinical study, male, newborn, opiate addiction, preschool child, prospective study, questionnaire, respiration depression, cross-sectional study, educational status, mother, psychological aspect, reproducibility, risk factor, socioeconomics, statistics, university hospital, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Educational Status, Female, Health Surveys, Hospitals, University, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Iran, Male, Mothers, Opium, Prospective Studies, Questionnaires, Reproducibility of Results, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 05:01
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2017 05:41
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2308

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