Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Epidemiology of tuberculosis in northeast of Iran: A population-based study

Rafiee, S. and Besharat, S. and Jabbari, A. and Golalipour, F. and Nasermoaadeli, A. (2009) Epidemiology of tuberculosis in northeast of Iran: A population-based study. Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, 34 (3). pp. 193-197. ISSN 02530716 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is currently one of the greatest problems in public health. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infects about one third of the world's population, of whom more than 80% are living in developing countries. The incidence and prevalence of TB are very different in various parts of Iran and also throughout the world. Golestan province is one of the areas in the country where the risk of TB is the highest because of its ethnically varied population and special location. We aimed to describe the prevalence of TB and related demographic data in Golestan province (northeast of Iran). Methods: We collected all data of patients with TB who registered in 2005 and 2006 in each of the 11 districts of Golestan province. Data were entered into the computer database and age-specific incidence rates per 100 000 population were calculated. Results: There were 321 new smear-positive cases. The incidence and prevalence of TB were 20.88 and 38.15 per 100 000 population, respectively. The male to female ratio was 0.96. Relapse of TB was reported in 20 patients. We found 141 cases of extrapulmonary TB, with a significant predominance in women. The organ most frequently involved in extrapulmonary TB was the lymph nodes. Generally, smear-negative TB was more common in men and extrapulmonary TB was more common in women. Conclusion: The incidence and prevalence of TB were higher in Golestan province in comparison with other provinces in Iran. We suggest using improved screening strategies and better education about TB for high-risk groups and physicians.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Iran. J. Med. Sci. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Tuberculosis, Infectious, and Parasitic Diseases Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Golestan Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Vice-chancellery for Treatment, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Gynecology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Epidemiology, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Incidence, Iran, Prevalence, Tuberculosis, adolescent, adult, aged, article, child, controlled study, data base, female, human, infection risk, information processing, Iran, lymph node, major clinical study, male, morbidity, population research, prevalence, tuberculosis
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 06:34
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2017 09:43
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2262

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