Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

The correlation between age, gender and education with obesity in urban population of Golestan province

Abdollahi, A.A. and Behnampour, N. and Vaghari, G. and Bazrafshan, H. (2010) The correlation between age, gender and education with obesity in urban population of Golestan province. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 12 (3). 276-282+317. ISSN 16834844 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is an undesirable outcome of changes in life style and behavior. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of obesity and its associated factors in population in Urban of Golestan province Iran to facilitate control of obesity related diseases. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 2500 males and 2500 females residents of 17 different cities were selected, using cluster random sampling techniques. Anthropometric measures (height, weight) were obtained with standard methods and the data on social, demographics exercise, smoking and blood group were collected during interviews, using a specifically designed questionnaire. In assessment of obesity, a standard recommended WHO method, based on BMI distribution was used. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 11.5, and the logistic regression model was used to estimate the age adjusted odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval, P-value <0.05 being considered significant. Results: Overall prevalences of obesity and overweight were 25.5% and 38.6% respectively (20.3%, 42.3% for men and 30.7% and 35% for women). Mean BMI in, female and male subjects was 27.05±5.05, 27.63±5.54, and 26.48±4.44 respectively. In addition, WHR of all subjects was (0.92±0.1), (females) (0.91±0.9), males(0.93%±0.11). The pattern of obesity differed significantly with age in both genders. The results of logistic regression model showed that the odds ratio of obesity was greater, roughly 1.7 times in women, compared with men. The adjusted odds ratio decreased with increasing the levels of education and non smoking (P<0.0001). The adjusted odds ratio showed no significant difference with occupation, race, blood group and or physical activity duration. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate an increased rate of obesity and overweight in an urban population, obesity in women being 10% higher than in men: Findings, showed that low levels of physical activity and education, gender, and smoking and aging were responsible for obesity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - Arabic [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Iran. J. Endocrinology Metab. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - School of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan Cardiovascular Research Center, Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Health, Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Biochemistery and Nutrition, Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Endocrinology, Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Body mass index, Golestan, Obesity, Overweight, Risk factors of obesity, age distribution, anthropometry, article, behavior change, cluster analysis, educational status, female, human, Iran, lifestyle modification, logistic regression analysis, major clinical study, male, obesity, physical activity, questionnaire, sex difference, smoking, urban population
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2015 04:16
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2017 04:23
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2192

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