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Comparison of knowledge, attitude and practice of urban and rural households towards nutritional factors related to osteoporosis and osteopenia

Azemati, B. and Heshmat, R. and Keshtkar, A.A. and Bagheri, M. and Sheykholeslam, R. and Nadim, A. (2010) Comparison of knowledge, attitude and practice of urban and rural households towards nutritional factors related to osteoporosis and osteopenia. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology, 5 (4). pp. 14-20. ISSN 17357489 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Background & Objectives: The aim of this study was carried out to compare knowledge, attitude and practice of urban and rural households towards osteopenia and osteoporosis in Golestan, Sistan & Balouchestan and Boushehr provinces in Iran. Methods: single-stage cluster sampling was used. The questions about knowledge about, attitude toward and practice of nutritional factors related to osteopenia and osteoporosis were asked by a structured interview. Results: A total of 2306 households have been selected as overall sample size. Knowledge level of urban households about calcium as a preventive factor of osteoporosis & osteopenia was more in Sistan & Balouchestan, Golestan and Boushehr provinces. Knowledge level of urban households about calcium food courses: (Milk, Yogurt, Cheese and Dairy alternatives) was also better than that of rural habitants (P<0.01). Urban residents' attitude toward osteoporosis compared to rural residents was better (P 0.01>). Consumption of pasteurized milk had been paid more attention in urban households (P<0.001). The difference of daily milk intake in rural and urban households with pregnant or lactating women was not significant. Exposure of infant to sun as preventive factor was not satisticaly significant between rural and urban habitants. Conclusion: It is concluded that the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of rural households toward osteoporosis and osteopenia was weaker than urban households.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - Persian [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Iran. J. Epidemiol. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Iranian Scientific Epidemiology Association, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Community of Nutrition Office [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Iranian Scientific Epidemiology Association [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Osteoporosis, Practice, Urban and rural, calcium, yoghurt, article, attitude to health, breast feeding, cheese, dairy product, female, household, human, Iran, knowledge, major clinical study, milk, nutrition, osteopenia, osteoporosis, pregnant woman, rural population, sampling, structured interview, sun exposure, urban population, urban rural difference
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 07:58
Last Modified: 23 May 2015 09:18
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2164

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