Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Music and anxiety in hospitalized children

Kazemi, S. and Kazemi, S. and Ghazimoghaddam, K. and Besharat, S. and Kashani, L. (2012) Music and anxiety in hospitalized children. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 6 (1). pp. 94-96. ISSN 2249782X (ISSN)

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Abstract

Purpose: Music is a method of stress reduction and could be used as a non-invasive therapeutic tool to relieve the pain and anxiety of patient. This study is designed to evaluate the role of music therapy on the level of anxiety in children aged 912 yearsold, in an academic hospital in Gorgan, northeast of Iran. Methods: Sixty hospitalized children were categorized into the intervention (case=30) and the control groups (N=30) by using a simple randomized method. The data gathering instruments were questionnaires which included demographic information and a trait anxiety inventory for children, the Spielberger test (STAIC). For the intervention group, for 2 days, 20 minutes (3 am-6 pm), the soothing rhythmic music of Johann Sebastian Bach was released through a tape recorder which was equipped with a headphone and then, the Spielberger questionnaires were refilled by each patient. The control group did not receive any intervention. Results: The results showed that the anxiety scores between the control and the intervention groups had no significant difference before the application of the music. The mean anxiety after the application of music in the control group was 49.4±7.2 and in the intervention group, it was 30.7±7.5. The results showed a significant difference between the mean anxiety in the control and the intervention groups (p<0.05). Conclusions: Our results showed that in hospitalized children, music therapy reduced the anxiety level.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - J. Clin. Diagn. Res. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Education and culture organization of Mazandaran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Azad University of Sari, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety, Hospitalized children, Music therapy, Spielberger test, anxiety, article, child, child hospitalization, controlled study, demography, female, human, Iran, major clinical study, male, music therapy, pediatric hospital, questionnaire, randomization, randomized controlled trial, school child, scoring system, State Trait Anxiety Inventory
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 08:30
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 05:23
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2033

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