Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Characteristics of high-risk sexual behaviors for human immunodeficiency virus infection among Iranian drug abusers

Keshtkar, A. and Majdzadeh, R. and Nedjat, S. and Gholipour, M. and Badakhshan, A. and Qorbani, M. and Vakili, M. and Salari, H. (2012) Characteristics of high-risk sexual behaviors for human immunodeficiency virus infection among Iranian drug abusers. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 6 (2). pp. 153-158. ISSN 19320620 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and the associated factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among drug abusers referred to a methadone clinic in Gorgan, the capital of Golestan province in the northeast of Iran, to help health care decision makers on designing interventional programs. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 400 drug abusers referred to our methadone clinic were evaluated for high-risk sexual behavior. A logistic regression model was fitted for the association between independent variables and high-risk sexual behavior. Results: Approximately a quarter of patients (25.5%) had high-risk sexual behavior among which 47% had not used a condom in their last sexual contact. Drug abusers who had poor economic status had a lower chance of high-risk sexual behavior than those with good economic status (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.13-0.96). Also, 1-year increase in age reduced the chance by 6% (AOR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.91-0.98). Heroin abusers, compared with opium abusers, had a duplicated chance of having high-risk sex (AOR = 2.11, 95% CI = 1.12-3.96). Conclusion: According to this study, high-risk sexual behavior in the drug abusers referred to methadone clinic was associated with younger age, good economic status, and heroin addiction. Hence, in interventional planning, more attention should be paid to young drug abusers, patients with good economic status, and heroin addicts as well. Copyright © 2012 American Society of Addiction Medicine.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - J. Addict. Med. [Field not mapped to EPrints] C2 - 22475984 [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Community Medicine Department, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Hirkan BLV-kilometer 2 Gorgan Sari Road, Gorgan, 4934174515, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Psychiatric Department, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Health Care Management Department, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - School of Public Health, Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drug abusers, High-risk sexual behavior, Iran, Methadone clinic, adult, age, article, comparative study, controlled study, cross-sectional study, drug abuse, ethnic difference, ethnic group, female, heroin dependence, high risk behavior, human, Human immunodeficiency virus infection, infection risk, Iranian, major clinical study, male, methadone treatment, opiate addiction, prevalence, priority journal, risk assessment, sexual behavior, social status, unsafe sex, Adult, Female, Heroin Dependence, HIV Infections, Humans, Iran, Islam, Male, Middle Aged, Opioid-Related Disorders, Opium, Referral and Consultation, Socioeconomic Factors, Substance Abuse Treatment Centers, Unsafe Sex
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 07:13
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 05:30
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2010

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