Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Solid fuel smoke exposure and risk of obstructive airways disease

Qorbani, M. and Yunesian, M. (2012) Solid fuel smoke exposure and risk of obstructive airways disease. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 9 (1). ISSN 2052336X (ISSN)

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Abstract

This study was designed to investigate whether there is an association between Obstructive Airways Disease (OAD) and indoor exposure to baking home-made bread smoke (BHBS) in ground oven at home. In this hospital-based case-control study, 83 patients with OAD (cases) were compared with 72 patients without any known pulmonary diseases from the surgical ward (controls) who were frequently matched with cases on age. The interview was performed using the modified questionnaire recommended by the "American Thoracic Society". The questionnaire comprised of demographic information, occupational history, cigarette smoking and indoor exposure to BHBS in ground oven at home. The exposure to BHBS was considered both as a dichotomous and quantitative variable (number of years being exposed to smoke) and the population attributable fraction (PAF) was estimated due to BHBS exposure. The percentage of indoor exposure to BHBS was measured as 51.8% and 30.6% in the cases and the controls, respectively. The average years of exposure to BHBS was 20.46 years (SD: 11.60) for the cases and 15.38 years (SD: 13.20) for the controls. The univariate analysis comparing the cases and the controls showed that exposure to BHBS (as a binary variable) and occupational exposure to dust was significantly associated with OAD. In the multivariate model, only exposure to BHBS was associated with OAD (OR=2.22, 95%CI = 1.14-4.35). Duration of exposure to BHBS (as a quantitative variable) was significantly associated with OAD in the univariate model. In the multivariate model, only the duration of exposure to BHBS (years) showed a significant association with OAD (OR=1.04, 95% CI=1.01-1.08). Population attributable risk due to BHBS exposure was equal to 28.5%. © 2012 Qorbani and Yunesian.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - J. Enviorn. Health Sci. Eng. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Community Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Center for Air Pollution Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Baking home-made bread, Indoor air pollution, Obstructive airway disease, Smoke, atmospheric pollution, health risk, indoor air, multivariate analysis, numerical model, pollution exposure, questionnaire survey, smoke
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 09:12
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 10:11
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1944

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