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The relationship of ethnicity, socio-economic factors and malnutrition in primary school children in North of Iran: A cross-sectional study

Veghari, G. (2013) The relationship of ethnicity, socio-economic factors and malnutrition in primary school children in North of Iran: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Research in Health Sciences, 13 (1). ISSN 16822765 (ISSN)

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related factors based on three ethnic groups among primary school children in north of Iran in 2010. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out through multistage cluster random sampling on 5698 subjects (2505 Fars-native, 2154 Turkman, and 1039 Sistani) in 112 schools. Well-trained staffs completed the questionnaire and measured students' weight and height. Malnutrition estimated the Z-score less than -2SD for underweight, stunting and wasting were calculated using the cutoffs from WHO references. Results: Generally, malnutrition was observed in 3.20%, 4.93% and 5.13% based on underweight, stunting and wasting respectively. It was more common in girls than in boys and in Sistani than in other ethnic groups. The correlation between malnutrition based on underweight and stunting and ethnicity was statisti-cally significant (P=0.001). Results of logistic regression analyses showed that the risk of malnutrition was in rural area 1.34 times more than urban area, in girls 1.17 times more than boys, in Sistani ethnic group 1.82 times more than Fars-native ethnic group, in low economic families 2.01 times more than high economic families. Conclusion: Underweight, stunting and wasting are the health problems in primary school children in north of Iran with a higher prevalence in girls, in rural areas, and in Sistani ethnic group.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - J. Res. Health Sci. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Metabolic Disorders Research Center, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ethnicity, Iran, Malnutrition, School-Age Populations, Socioeconomic Factors, article, body height, body weight, child, controlled study, cross-sectional study, educational status, ethnic difference, female, human, Iran, lowest income group, male, malnutrition, primary school, risk factor, sex difference, socioeconomics, stunting, underweight, urban rural difference, wasting syndrome, correlation analysis, ethnic difference, ethnic group, ethnicity, major clinical study, questionnaire, risk assessment, school child, social status, weight height ratio
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2015 05:07
Last Modified: 11 May 2015 05:28
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1911

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