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Comparing the effects of fluoxetine and imipramine on total cholesterol, triglyceride, and weight in patients with major depression

Shahsavand Ananloo, E. and Ghaeli, P. and Kamkar, M.-Z. and Sadeghi, M. (2013) Comparing the effects of fluoxetine and imipramine on total cholesterol, triglyceride, and weight in patients with major depression. DARU, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21 (1). ISSN 15608115 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Background: There are some reports on the effects of antidepressants on metabolic syndrome. However, our search in the previously published literature showed a lack of information on the comparison of the effects of different classes of antidepressants on lipid profile. Therefore, this study was aimed to compare the effects of fluoxetine and imipramine on serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) as well as body weight (BW) in patients with major depressive disorder. Methods. Fifty one patients, 18 to 70 years of age, with major depressive disorder complied with the criteria of this preliminary, open-label clinical trial. Subjects received either imipramine (75-200 mg/day) or fluoxetine (20-40 mg/day) for 8 weeks. Total cholesterol and TG levels, as well as BW were compared at baseline with those at weeks 4 and 8. Data was analyzed by SPSS software version 16.0. Results: In the fluoxetine group, TC levels decreased from 165.71 mg/dL to 156.71 mg/dL at week 4 (P = 0.07), and to 143.94 mg/dL at week 8 (P = 0.16); TG levels decreased from 129.35 mg/dL to 115.88 mg/dL at week 4 (P <0.001), and to 110.41 mg/dL at week 8 (P = 0.56). In the imipramine group, TC levels increased from 169.10 mg/dL to 178.69 mg/dL at week 4 (P = 0.07), and to 208.69 mg/dL at week 8 (P < 0.001) while TG levels increased from 111.73 mg/dL to 128.83 mg/dL at week 4 (P = 0.005), and to 160.90 mg/dL at week 8 (P < 0.001). BW was significantly increased in the imipramine group at weeks 4 and 8. In the fluoxetine group, BW was non-significantly decreased from 75.69 ± 7.97 Kg (baseline) to 75.67 ± 8.01 Kg at week 4 (P = 0.88), and to 75.22 ± 8.67 Kg at week 8 (P = 0.20), while in the imipramine group, BW had significant increases from 72.53 ± 8.55 Kg (baseline) to 73.95 ± 8.61 mg/dL at week 4 (P < 0.001), and to 75.13 ± 8.34 mg/dL at week 8 (P < 0.001).Repeated measures ANOVA showed significant effects on both TC and TG levels as well as on BW in all patients receiving imipramine. However, in patients on fluoxetine, repeated measures ANOVA showed significant effects of this medication only on TC levels in males. Conclusions: Monitoring TC and TG and BW is recommended before starting imipramine in depressed patients with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Fluoxetine may be the preferred agent in those with high or borderline high lipid levels. © 2013 Shahsavand Ananloo et al.;.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: C7 - 4 [EPrints field already has value set] LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - DARU J. Pharm. Sci. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Genomic Psychiatry (DGP), Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Fifth of Azar Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Psychiatry and Psychology Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Body weight, Cholesterol, Serotonin reuptake inhibitors, Tricyclic antidepressants, Triglyceride, cholesterol, fluoxetine, imipramine, triacylglycerol, adult, aged, article, body weight, cholesterol blood level, clinical trial, comparative study, drug effect, female, human, major clinical study, major depression, male, triacylglycerol blood level, weight gain
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2015 05:38
Last Modified: 11 May 2015 04:32
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1910

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