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Five-year trend in hydrogenated vegetable oil consumption among Northern Iranian families

Veghari, G. and Sedaghat, M. and Maghsodlo, S. and Banihashem, S. and Moharloei, P. and Angizeh, A. and Tazik, E. and Moghaddami, A. (2013) Five-year trend in hydrogenated vegetable oil consumption among Northern Iranian families. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 26 (6). pp. 778-783. ISSN 15572625 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Background: The main aim of this study was to assess the trends in hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO) consumption and some related factors among northern Iranian families from 2006 to 2010. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with 6497 subjects, 15 to 65 years old, who were chosen by multistage cluster random sampling. The subjects were randomly chosen by 325 clusters with an equal size (n = 20 subjects). A multidimensional questionnaire including so-ciodemographic questions and type of cooking oil used were administered by interviewers. Results: The percentages of the sample reporting HVO consumption across the 5 years are as follows: 2006,85.2%; 2007, 79.7%; 2008, 75.9%; 2009, 59.3%; and 2010, 55.7%. Consumption decreased 29.5% during the 5 years of study and an average of 5.9% per year (P < .05). The estimated odds ratio of HVO consumption in rural areas verus urban areas was 2.59 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.31-2.90); for poor compared with good economic level the odds ratio was 3.99 (95% CI, 3.13-5.10 for; for the uneducated versus college-educated sample it was 5.75 (95% CI, 4.10-8.17); and the odds ratio was 3.34(95% CI, 2.51-4.45) for Sisstani compared with Fars-native ethnic group. Conclusion: HVO consumption decreased during the 5-year study (2006 to 2010), but HVO is still used extensively in northern Iran. Preventive early intervention strategies are needed to target uneducated and poor families, with an emphasis on the Sisstanish ethnic group, to increase awareness about the negative consequences of HVO consumption.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - J. Am. Board Fam. Med. [Field not mapped to EPrints] C2 - 24204075 [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Epidemiology, Ethnicity, Iran, Nutrition surveys, Vegetable oils, edible oil, hydrogenated vegetable oil, adolescent, adult, aged, article, cluster analysis, comparative study, cooking, cross-sectional study, demography, education, ethnicity, fat intake, female, human, Iran, lowest income group, male, normal human, outcome assessment, questionnaire, rural area, trend study, urban area, Epidemiology, Ethnicity, Iran, Nutrition Surveys, Vegetable Oils, Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases, Confidence Intervals, Cross-Sectional Studies, Ethnic Groups, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Hydrogenation, Iran, Male, Middle Aged, Nutrition Surveys, Odds Ratio, Plant Oils, Questionnaires, Retrospective Studies, Time Factors, Vegetables, Young Adult
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 07:15
Last Modified: 11 May 2015 05:34
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1821

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