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Hard tick species of livestock and their bioecology in Golestan Province, North of Iran

Sofizadeh, A. and Telmadarraiy, Z. and Rahnama, A. and Gorganli-Davaji, A. and Hosseini-Chegeni, A. (2013) Hard tick species of livestock and their bioecology in Golestan Province, North of Iran. Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases, 8 (1). pp. 108-116. ISSN 23221984 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Background: A survey on tick species composition was carried out in Golestan Province Iran during year 2010- 2011.The aim was to determine tick species parasitizing domestic ruminants and their seasonal population dynamics. Methods: A total of 124 sheep, 92 goats, 84 cattle, 74 camels and 12 horses in several villages were inspected for tick infestation. The collected ticks preserved in 70% alcohol and then were identified. Results: The overall 1059 ticks (453 female, 606 male) were collected. The ticks occur on sheep, goats, cattle, camels and horses as 72.1%, 77.3%, 75.8%, 69.3%, and 50% respectively. The frequency of ticks in spring was more than other seasons and the least was observed in winter. In the spring and summer, infestation rate in domestic ruminants were calculated as 100%. Six genus and fourteen hard and soft tick species were identified including Rhipicephalus sanguineus, R. bursa, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis punctata, H. sulcata, H. erinacei, H. inermis, Hyalomma marginatum, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. dromedarii, Hy. excavatum, Hy. anatolicum, Hy. detritum, Boophilus annulatus and Argas persicus. Rhipicephalus sanguineus was the most abundant species in the study area. The largest number of ticks was collected from animal ears and tails. Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus and Boophilus occurred in mountainous, forest and plateau areas of Golestan Province but Ixodes occurred only in mountainous and forest areas, whereas Rhipicephalus and Hyalomma were present in coastal areas of Golestan Province. Conclusion: The result of this study is a survey on tick species from domestic animals in Iran and implication of possible prevention measures for diseases transmitted by ticks.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - J. Arthropod-Borne Dis. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Infectious Diseases Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Plant Protection, Guilan University, Rasht, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioecology, Domestic ruminants, Iran, Ticks, Argas persicus, article, Boophilus, ear, female, Haemaphysalis punctata, Hyalomma anatolicum, Hyalomma dromedarii, Hyalomma marginatum, Iran, Ixodes ricinus, livestock, male, nonhuman, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, seasonal variation, sheep, tail, tick infestation
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 07:23
Last Modified: 11 May 2015 04:55
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1802

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