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Heart Disease Is Associated With Anthropometric Indices and Change in Body Size Perception Over the Life Course. The Golestan Cohort Study

Garg, V.P. and Vedanthan, R. and Islami, F. and Pourshams, A. and Poutschi, H. and Khademi, H. and Naeimi, M. and Fazel-Tabar Malekshah, A. and Jafari, E. and Salahi, R. and Kamangar, F. and Etemadi, A. and Pharoah, P.D. and Abnet, C.C. and Brennan, P. and Dawsey, S.M. and Fuster, V. and Boffetta, P. and Malekzadeh, R. (2015) Heart Disease Is Associated With Anthropometric Indices and Change in Body Size Perception Over the Life Course. The Golestan Cohort Study. Global Heart. ISSN 22118160 (ISSN) (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease and obesity are now becoming leading causes of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. Objectives: We investigated the relationship between prevalent heart disease (HD) and current anthropometric indices and body size perception over time from adolescence to adulthood in Iran. Methods: We present a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective study of adults in Golestan Province, Iran. Demographics, cardiac history, and current anthropometric indices-body mass index, waist circumference, and waist to hip ratio-were recorded. Body size perception for ages 15 years, 30 years, and at the time of interview was assessed via pictograms. Associations of these factors and temporal change in perceived body size with HD were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression models. Results: Complete data were available for 50,044 participants; 6.1% of which reported having HD. Higher body mass index, waist circumference, and waist to hip ratio were associated with HD (p < 0.001). Men had a U-shaped relationship between HD and body size perception at younger ages. For change in body size perception, men and women demonstrated a U-shaped relationship with prevalent HD from adolescence to early adulthood, but a J-shaped pattern from early to late adulthood. Conclusions: HD was associated with anthropometric indices and change in body size perception over time for men and women in Iran. Due to the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in low- and middle-income countries, interventions focused on decreasing the cumulative burden of risk factors throughout the life course may be an important component of cardiovascular risk reduction. © 2015 World Heart Federation (Geneva).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Glo. Heart [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Department of Public Health Analysis, School of Community Health and Policy, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD, USA [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Departments of Oncology and Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Calle de Melchor Fernandez Almagro, Madrid, Spain [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - International Prevention Research Institute, Lyon, France [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Subjects: مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
موارد کلی
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2015 04:29
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2016 06:18
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12

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