Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Bidirectional association between COVID-19 and the environment: A systematic review

Rahimi, N.R. and Fouladi-Fard, R. and Aali, R. and Shahryari, A. and Rezaali, M. and Ghafouri, Y. and Ghalhari, M.R. and Asadi-Ghalhari, M. and Farzinnia, B. and Conti Gea, O. and Fiore, M. (2021) Bidirectional association between COVID-19 and the environment: A systematic review. Environmental Research, 194.

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The global crisis caused by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) affected economics, social affairs, and the environment, not to mention public health. It is estimated that near 82 of the SARS-CoV-2 genome is similar to the severe acute respiratory syndrome. The purpose of the review is to highlight how the virus is impacted by the environment and how the virus has impacted the environment. This review was based on an electronic search of the literature in the Scopus, Science Direct, and PubMed database published from December 2019 to July 2020 using combinations of the following keywords: SARS-CoV-2 transmission, COVID-19 transmission, coronavirus transmission, waterborne, wastewater, airborne, solid waste, fomites, and fecal-oral transmission. Studies suggest the thermal properties of ambient air, as well as relative humidity, may affect the transmissibility and viability of the virus. Samples taken from the wastewater collection network were detected contaminated with the novel coronavirus; consequently, there is a concern of its transmission via an urban sewer system. There are concerns about the efficacy of the wastewater treatment plant disinfection process as the last chance to inactivate the virus. Handling solid waste also requires an utmost caution as it may contain infectious masks, etc. Following the PRISMA approach, among all reviewed studies, more than 36 of them were directly or indirectly related to the indoor and outdoor environment, 16 to meteorological factors, 11 to wastewater, 14 to fomites, 8 to water, 9 to solid waste, and 6 to the secondary environment. The still growing body of literature on COVID-19 and air, suggests the importance of SARS-CoV-2 transmission via air and indoor air quality, especially during lockdown interventions. Environmental conditions are found to be a factor in transmitting the virus beyond geographical borders. Accordingly, countries need to pay extra attention to sustainable development themes and goals. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coronavirus; SARS coronavirus; Scopus
Subjects: سیستم تنفسی WF
بیماریهای واگیرWC
میکروب شناسی وایمنی شناسی QW
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2021 08:56
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2021 08:56
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10943

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