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Autonomic laterality in caloric vestibular stimulation

Ziarati, M.A. and Taziki, M.H. and Hosseini, S.M. (2020) Autonomic laterality in caloric vestibular stimulation. World Journal of Cardiology, 12 (4). pp. 144-154.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Caloric stimulation of the vestibular system is associated with autonomic response. The lateralization in the nervous system activities also involves the autonomic nervous system. AIM To compare the effect of the right and left ear caloric test on the cardiac sympathovagal tone in healthy persons. METHODS This self-control study was conducted on 12 healthy male volunteers. The minimal ice water caloric test was applied for vestibular stimulation. This was done by irrigating 1 milliliter of 4 ± 2 °C ice water into the external ear canal in 1 s. In each experiment, only one ear was stimulated. For each ear, the pessimum position was considered as sham control and the optimum position was set as caloric vestibular stimulation of horizontal semicircular channel. The order of right or left caloric vestibular stimulation and the sequence of optimum or pessimum head position in each set were random. The recovery time between each calorie test was 5 min. The short-term heart rate variability (HRV) was used for cardiac sympathovagal tone metrics. All variables were compared using the analysis of variance. RESULTS After caloric vestibular stimulation, the short-term time-domain and frequency-domain HRV indices as well as, the systolic and the diastolic arterial blood pressure, the respiratory rate and the respiratory amplitude, had no significant changes. These negative results were similar in the right and the left sides. Nystagmus duration of left caloric vestibular stimulations in the optimum and the pessimum positions had significant differences (e.g., 72.14 ± 39.06 vs 45.35 ± 35.65, P < 0.01). Nystagmus duration of right caloric vestibular stimulations in the optimum and the pessimum positions had also significant differences (e.g., 86.42 ± 67.20 vs 50.71 ± 29.73, P < 0.01). The time of the start of the nystagmus following caloric vestibular stimulation had no differences in both sides and both positions. CONCLUSION Minimal ice water caloric stimulation of the right and left vestibular system did not affect the cardiac sympathovagal balance according to HRV indices. © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: سیستم عصبی WL
سیستم قلب وعروق WG
QS آناتومی انسان
QTفیزیولوژی
QU بیوشیمی
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 08:29
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2020 08:29
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10661

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