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Influencing factors on high-risk sexual behaviors in young people: An ecological perspective

Arabi-Mianrood, H. and Hamzehgardeshi, Z. and Khoori, E. and Moosazadeh, M. and Shahhosseini, Z. (2019) Influencing factors on high-risk sexual behaviors in young people: An ecological perspective. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 31 (2).

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In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex. The relevant papers published between 1995 and 2016 were extracted. After reviewing the abstract and full text of the articles, 45 papers were used to write this article. From an ecological theory approach, factors which influence high-risk sexual behaviors are divided into three categories - the microsystem, the mesosystem and the macrosystem. The microsystem includes factors such as age, gender, race, marital status, place of residence, religion, level of education, personality traits, psychological problems, childhood experiences, body image and coincidence of high-risk behaviors; the mesosystem includes factors such as family structure, peers and sex education; in the macrosystem, the impact of culture and traditions of the society, economic status and the media are presented. Given that high-risk sexual behaviors often have multiple causes, it seems that health policymakers must consider multi-dimensional interventions to influence high-risk sexual behaviors based on the ecological approach. © 2019 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: article; body image; child; childhood; Cochrane Library; economic status; female; gender; human; human experiment; male; marriage; Medline; race; religion; Scopus; sexual education; systematic review; unprotected sex; unsafe sex; Web of Science
Subjects: روانپزشکی WM
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 06:46
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2019 06:46
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10415

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