Golestan University of Medical Sciences Repository

Association of socioeconomic status with consumption of cigarettes, illicit drugs, and alcohol

Marzban, M. and Hadji, M. and Gholipour, M. and Rashidian, H. and Rezaianzadeh, A. and Hasanzadeh, J. and Haghdoost, A.A. and Rahimi-Movaghar, A. and Ghiasvand, R. and Moradi, A. and Khavari-Daneshvar, H. and Weiderpass, E. and Kamangar, F. and Zendehdel, K. (2019) Association of socioeconomic status with consumption of cigarettes, illicit drugs, and alcohol. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 18 (2). pp. 309-318.

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Abstract

Introduction and Aims: Socioeconomic Status (SES) is considered as one of the important factors associated with use of various drugs. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of SES on cigarette smoking, alcohol use, drug use, and passive exposure to opium and cigarette smoke. Design and Methods: In this study, which is part of a multicenter case-control study, the research hypothesis was checked among controls who had referred to hospitals. Data were collected through a questionnaire and laboratory tests to determine the actual consumers of opium and other illicit drugs. Then, the data were analyzed using STATA 13. Result: This study was performed on 364 individuals within the age range of 30 to 75 years. More than 55 of the participants had a history of life-time consumption of cigarettes and hookah as well as alcohol and drugs. The results revealed an inverse relationship between SES and life-time consumption of hookah and alcohol. Furthermore, individuals with higher SES were more likely to deny their drug use. Discussion and Conclusions: The results revealed little robust evidence supporting the assumption that SES level can have an important effect on illicit drug use. On the other hand, the participants� characteristics could have a prominent effect on precise evaluation of the relationship between SES and drug use. Further multicenter studies are needed with samples diversified in terms of age and ethnicity to identify these confounding relationships. © 2017, © 2017 Taylor & Francis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol; cannabis; cigarette smoke; diamorphine; illicit drug; methadone; methamphetamine; morphine; opiate; tramadol, alcohol consumption; Article; case control study; cigarette smoking; human; major clinical study; priority journal; questionnaire; social status; socioeconomics; thin layer chromatography
Subjects: روانپزشکی WM
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2019 11:58
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2019 11:58
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10388

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