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The most effective polymorphisms of paraoxonase-1 gene on enzyme activity and concentration of paraoxonase-1 protein in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and non-diabetic individuals: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Hashemi, M.M. and Mousavi, E. and Arab-Bafrani, Z. and Nezhadebrahimi, A. and Marjani, A. (2019) The most effective polymorphisms of paraoxonase-1 gene on enzyme activity and concentration of paraoxonase-1 protein in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and non-diabetic individuals: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 152. pp. 135-145.

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Abstract

Introduction: Many studies have evaluated the association of paraoxonase-1 (PON1)gene polymorphisms with enzyme activity and concentration in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the exact impact of these polymorphisms is not still obvious. Hence, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the association of PON1 polymorphisms with its enzyme characteristics in T2DM patients and non-diabetic individuals. Methods: We searched electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Scopus for publications by April 2018. The pooled response ratio (rr)for the association and their corresponding 95 confidence intervals (CIs)were calculated using a fixed-effect model. Results: Fifteen relevant studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria. The results showed a 1.25-fold increase in total PON1 activity in non-diabetic group against T2DM patients (p-value = 0.024). Also, only Q192R and L55M polymorphisms had sufficient studies to be included in the meta-analysis. All three genotypes of Q192R polymorphism showed significantly different activities between the study groups with the highest pooled effect size for RR genotype (rrQQ < rrQR < rrRR)while this difference was seen only in LL genotype of L55M polymorphism. Therefore, Q192R polymorphism was more correlated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In case of concentration, there was no significant differences between two groups (p-value = 0.897). Conclusion: Current meta-analysis suggested that the observed difference of total PON1 activity was due to the different activity of various genotypes of PON1 enzyme in case of L55M and Q192R polymorphisms so that LL and RR genotypes had the most important role in the establishment of mentioned difference. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: arginine; aryldialkylphosphatase; glutamic acid; leucine; methionine; PON1 protein, human, amino acid substitution; enzyme activation; female; gain of function mutation; genetic polymorphism; genetics; genotype; human; male; meta analysis; metabolism; non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, Amino Acid Substitution; Arginine; Aryldialkylphosphatase; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Enzyme Activation; Female; Gain of Function Mutation; Genotype; Glutamic Acid; Humans; Leucine; Male; Methionine; Polymorphism, Genetic
Subjects: سیستم غدد WK
QU بیوشیمی
آسیب شناسی QZ
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2019 10:40
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2019 10:40
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10315

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