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Preliminary survey of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in nosocomial uropathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae in north-central Iran

Yazdansetad, S. and Alkhudhairy, M.K. and Najafpour, R. and Farajtabrizi, E. and Al-Mosawi, R.M. and Saki, M. and Jafarzadeh, E. and Izadpour, F. and Ameri, A. (2019) Preliminary survey of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in nosocomial uropathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae in north-central Iran. Heliyon, 5 (9).

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Abstract

Infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) producing bacteria, including Klebsiella pneumoniae have increasingly subjected to therapeutic limitations and patients with these infections are at high risk for treatment failure, long hospital stays, high health care costs, and high mortality. The aim of this study was to screen the prevalence of the blaTEM,blaCTX-M and blaSHV ESBL genes in K. pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTIs). During the March 2016 to December 2017, one hundred isolates of K. pneumoniae were collected from urine specimens of patients suffering from nosocomial UTI referred to Khatam Al-Anbia hospital in Shahrud, north-central Iran. All isolates were identified by standard bacteriological tests. The pattern of antibiotic susceptibility was determined according to the CLSI guidelines. The presence of the ESBLs was investigated using the double-disc synergy test. Polymerase chain reaction technique was used to detect the blaTEM, blaCTX-M and blaSHV genes in all isolates. Most isolates showed remarkable resistance to tested antibiotics with highest rate against nitrofurantoin (75) and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (65). The imipenem was the most effective antibiotic against K. pneumoniae isolates. ESBL phenotype was detected in 50 (50) of isolates. The prevalence of blaTEM, blaCTX-M and blaSHV genes among 50 ESBLs-positive isolates was 25 (50), 15 (30) and 35 (70) respectively. The blaTEM and blaSHV genes were seen in 25 isolates (50) simultaneously. The findings of this study indicated the 50 frequency rate of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae in our geographic region. Since the treatment of infections caused by this bacterium is associated with many limitations, this high prevalence is a warning sign to adopt new control policies to prevent further spread of this microorganism. © 2019 The Authors

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: سیستم ادراری WJ
سیستم تنفسی WF
میکروب شناسی وایمنی شناسی QW
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2019 08:04
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2019 08:04
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10285

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