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The emergence of metronidazole and vancomycin reduced susceptibility in Clostridium difficile isolates in Iran

Kouhsari, E. and Douraghi, M. and Krutova, M. and Fakhre Yaseri, H. and Talebi, M. and Baseri, Z. and Moqarabzadeh, V. and Sholeh, M. and Amirmozafari, N. (2019) The emergence of metronidazole and vancomycin reduced susceptibility in Clostridium difficile isolates in Iran. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, 18. pp. 28-33.

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Objectives: Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is the main causative agent of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD) and pseudomembranous colitis. The accumulation of antimicrobial resistance in C. difficile strains can drive C. difficile infection (CDI) epidemiology. This study was undertaken to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance patterns of toxigenic C. difficile isolates cultured from diarrhoeal stool samples of hospitalised patients with suspected CDI in three tertiary care hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Methods: Two hundred and fifty diarrhoeal stool samples were investigated by toxigenic culture using cycloserine-cefoxitin-fructose agar and the VERO cell line. Antimicrobial susceptibility to metronidazole, vancomycin, clindamycin, tetracycline, and moxifloxacin was performed by disk diffusion and Etest methods on Brucella Blood Agar supplemented with hemin and vitamin K. Results: Thirty-five stool samples (14.0) proved positive using C. difficile toxigenic culture. According to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute breakpoints, the following resistance was identified in C. difficile isolates: metronidazole (2 of 35); moxifloxacin (7 of 35); clindamycin (18 of 35); and tetracycline (5 of 35). Using European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing breakpoints, three of 35 isolates showed reduced-susceptibility for vancomycin and 14 of 35 for metronidazole. In addition, the results showed a good correlation between the inhibition zone diameter (disk diffusion) and MIC values (Etest); Pearson correlation coefficient 0.7400.95 (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Multidrug resistance was observed in Iranian clinical toxigenic C. difficile isolates, including reduced susceptibility to first-line CDI treatment drugs. In addition, disk diffusion can be used as a cost-effective option for the antimicrobial susceptibility testing of C. difficile isolates. © 2019 International Society for Chemotherapy of Infection and Cancer

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Subjects: فارماکولوژی QV
> دانشکده داروسازی > فارماکولوژی QV

میکروب شناسی وایمنی شناسی QW
مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Divisions: معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری
Depositing User: GOUMS
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2019 05:41
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2019 05:41
URI: http://eprints.goums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10116

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